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Most obviously, to convict and sentence an absent defendant without a trial on the merits, even if the conviction is no more than a legal placeholder, is logically irreconcilable with the presumption of innocence.
(May 25, 2010) The Supreme Court of Ohio today ruled that the rules of civil procedure do not allow a claimant to designate defendants using fictitious names as placeholders in a complaint filed within the statute-of-limitations period and then identify, name, and personally serve those defendants after the limitations period has elapsed.
The Seventh Circuit had expressly blessed the use of “placeholder” motions filed along with the complaint as a “simple solution” to the pick-off problem presented by a defendant’s pre-certification OJ.
While Ohio law allows plaintiffs to file "placeholder" lawsuits with nameless defendants such as John Doe, the Ohio Supreme Court says the actual names of those targets must be known before the ...
A: "Does", "John Doe" or "Jane Doe" are placeholder name used in legal actions for people whose true identity is unknown or must be withheld for legal reasons. "Does 1-100" being used in a particular case probably means that there are up to 100 additional parties (fictitious defendants) to the legal action that are not yet known.